Trabzon is one of the most popular in Türkiye with thousands of years of history and innumerable cultural richness. The city, located on the ancient Silk Road, is the most important city in Eastern Black Sea Region of Türkiye.
The folkloric structure admired by the world, the importance placed on sports by the whole city, fineness in handicrafts, regional cuisine are other significant values unique to Trabzon.
Trabzon’s history dates back to two thousand years. Mehmet the Conqueror has conquered Trabzon, which has survived the Roman and Byzantine Periods, and Suleiman the Magnificent was in this land.
Trabzon shelters countless tones of green and is rich in terms of plant cover. 2500 plant species have been discovered in the city, 440 of which are unique to the area.
PLACES WORTH SEEING
Trabzon Castle is built on ancient foundations of the Byzantine Period. The castle dates back to 5th century B.C.
Virgin Mary/ Sumela Monastery; Rumour has it that the monastery was established by two priests, Barnabas and Sophranios, who came from Athens during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor the I. Theodosius (375-395), and was repaired by General Belisarios in 6th century with the order of Emperor Justinianus. It is known that Sumela Monastery continues its existence as is since 13th century.
Hagia Sophia Museum is a beautiful example of late Byzantine Churches. The area is viewed as one of the most important examples of the last Byzantine Period works.
The Armory was built in 1887. The building, which was used as an ammunition depot during 1916-1918 Russian occupation, has become a stop for domestic and foreign tourists.
Historical Trabzon Museum and Kostaki Mansion, is, in terms of style, among rare examples of European Architecture in Türkiye. The Kostaki Mansion, where the museum is placed, was built by Greek banker Kostaki in early 1900s. The building was designed by Italian architects; thus most materials were imported from Italy.
Atatürk Mansion, bearing impressions of European and Western Renaissance architecture was built as a summer house in early 1900s with large and flamboyant symbols of Europe. Atatürk, during his stay in this mansion on June 11, 1930, decided to present all his wealth to Turkish nation.
Trabzon City Museum is the newest and most spectacular museum in the city. The museum makes a great contribution to publicity and sustenance of social life and culture in Trabzon. The museum constituting of 3 floors has a closed area of 1500 sqm. The visitors might benefit from audio guide service in the museum which has a chamber of history.
The House of Suleiman, a work of 19th century, was built in the neighborhood where Suleiman the Magnificent was born, and it is now used as an exhibition hall. The House of Suleiman is decorated with motives reflecting the Ottoman culture where wax sculptures of sultans, weapons used in wars as well as old photos of Trabzon are exhibited.
Gülbahar Hatun Mosque consists of a mosque and a tomb built in 1514 in the name of Yavuz Sultan Selim’s mother Gülbahar Hatun,
Uzungöl, located in Çaykara -one of the most important tourism centers of Trabzon and Türkiye- has a dazzling view. Uzungöl is a village, highland and entertainment place. The area presents travel and accommodation opportunities with exceptional beauty with touristic rest houses, small resort type hotels, trout restaurants and scenery. Uzungöl is also the ecotourism center of Trabzon.
Çal Cave, with lighting and travel platforms, is considered as the second longest cave in the world. The cave, which has a free air flow, is known to be good for asthma and sinusitis patients. The cave, with spectacular natural forms, creek, waterfalls, is a paradise hidden under the ground.
Highlands are considered among Trabzon’s special travel destinations attracting attention thanks to resting, travel and sports opportunities.
Horon, a folk dance unique to the eastern black sea coastal region prevalent in almost all Black Sea region is first disciplined and introduced to the World by Akçabat. Horon is among irreplaceable values of the region; it signifies the common ground of togetherness and excitement in highland festivals, wedding ceremonies and military service sendoffs.